Glossary of Terms

A person or entity that consumes or makes use of the good or services provided.
Transmits data as pulses of light through fiber-optic cable made from glass or plastic.
Transmits data over radio waves between two fixed points.
An area where there is no or extremely limited terrestrial broadband service.
The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g. buildings, roads, power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
A network that is optimized to process a very high volume of data messages with minimal delay (latency). These networks are designed to support operations that require near real-time access to rapidly changing data.
A unit of measurement for data size, most often used in discussions of data transfer. Megabits are expressed as Mb or Mbit when talking about digital storage, or Mbps (megabits per second) in the context of data transfer rates.
An infrastructure owner provides wholesale access to the network for lease on a non-discriminatory basis but does not themselves provide residential service to end users.
An area where at least 10% of the delivery points have no access to broadband service offered with a download speed range of at least 100 megabits per second and an upload speed of at least 20 megabits per second or less with low latency.
A project area where at least 10% of delivery points have no access to broadband service or have no access to services operating with a download speed of at least 25 megabits per second and upload speed of at least 10 megabits per second with low latency.